Private International and Procedural Law

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Private International and Procedural Law

Private International and Procedural Law (hereinafter PIP Law) is the field of law that governs legal problems connected to a foreign counrty. This area of law concerns the three following principal questions: which country has jurisdiction, whose law shall apply (rules concerning the conflict of laws), and, finally, whether a judgment rendered in one country can be recognized and enforced in another. PIP Law is based on national  law, but might also display links with public international law, especially when PIP legal rules are based on international conventions or directly applicable EU regulations. International collaboration in certain legal areas has generated  conventions embracing uniform PIP law rules. Some of these conventions have become globally binding, whereas  others are intended to apply to particular regions, e.g. the Nordic countries or the EU).

An example how PIP Law may come into play is where the parties to a contract dispute (e.g. involving a purchase agreement) reside in two different countries, and, consequently, the contractual relationship has links to the legal systems of both countries. A similar situation arises in cases of transborder environmental damage , such as, in cases of an oil spill from a ship that causes damage to fishing or land owners in several countries. PIP Law also has important implications for family law as when, for example, a person immigrates to live in another country. In such a case, questions may arise in the new country concerning the law to be applied to divorce, division of marital property and inheritance.


Jaan Paju
Director of Doctoral Studies
Phone: 08-16 32 07

Teresa Simon Almendal
Vice Dean / Chairman of the Research Committee
Phone: 08-16 23 67

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